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14.08.17

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  Elena Vassilievna Obraztsova  -  Елена Василиевна Образцова

  Russian singer (mezzo-soprano); Leningrad July 7, 1939 - Leipzig, January 12, 2015
  Father - Vasily Alekseevich Obraztsov (1905-1989).
  Mother -  Natalia Ivanovna Obraztsova (1913-1994).
  First husband   - Vyacheslav Petrovich Makarov (* 1938), a physicist.
  Second husband – Algis Martselovich Zhiuraitis (1928-1998), conductor.

  Elena had a  daughter from her first marriage - Elena Vjacheslavovna Makarova (* 1966), who is a  
  singer (soprano) and a grandson - Alexander Makarov (*1988) and a granddaughter.

 Memories of Elena’s childhood are connected to war and blockade. Her father left for the front and the family remained in besieged Leningrad up to
 the end of winter of 1942.  Later, Elena, her mother and grandmother were evacuated across Ladoga lake to a small town Ustjuzhna of the Vologda
 area where they lived until summer of 1945. After war living was hard and difficult. Her father returned after a year, her mother had to work and
 Elena was given to a kindergarten.

 At the age of 5 Elena started singing. She sang what she heard, mainly Strauss's waltzes. As a schoolgirl she had her first lessons in music – she sang
 for herself or listened to recordings. She spent hours sitting at a loudspeaker during opera transmissions. Since childhood music was the central point
 of her life. She liked domestic musical evenings where also her father, an engineer by profession, performed: he was an excellent baritone and
 besides he played violin. From a business trip to Italy he  brought a big collection of recordings from which the little girl got acquainted with
 voices of the well-known singers of that time - Gigli, Caruso, Galli-Curzi.  

 From 1948 to 1954 Elena was a member of the Children's chorus of the Leningrad Palace of Pioneers. The founder and the permanent head of chorus
 was Maria Fedorovna Zarinskaya. " This chorus has affected me very much", - the singer once admitted. - "There, I actually was “born” as a musician.
 Maria Fedorovna was certainly an outstanding person and teacher. She made me “fall in love" with singing and  was the first person who convinced me
 that I can become a singer ". Elena was the indispensable participant of all concerts of school amateur performances. On these occasions she
 performed with great pleasure gipsy romances and popular songs of these years.

 From 1954 to 1957 in connection with business translocation of her father, the family lived in Taganrog, then a year in Rostov – at river Don.
 In Taganrog Lena met  the  remarkable teacher Anna Timofeevna Kulikova with whom she studied for two years at Tchaikovsky Musical school.
 At a contest concert at her school she was  heard by the director of the Rostov musical school, M. A. Mankovskaja and under her recommendation
 in 1957 Elena was accepted in the school at once on 2nd level and after only one year, in August 1958, after successful audition, she was admitted
 to preparatory branch of the Leningrad conservatory.

 Sceptically concerned with their daughter’s “hobby” singing, her parents insisted that she went to a technical college, but Elena - still on preparatory
 branch - continued her vocal studies: from 100 persons, taking part in the tests the vocal faculty accepted only three, and among them - Elena
 Obraztsova.

 The year 1962 already brought great success to  Elena’s life. Two gold medals - at the World Festival of Youth and Students in Helsinki and at the
 M. I. Glinka - All-Union Competition of Vocalists in Moscow - caused an invitation to Bolshoi Theatre. In 1963/64 she was offered a season contract to
 prepare Marina Mnishek's part, Polina and Amneris.

 In the class of professor A. A. Grigorieva (A. N. Kireev's opera class) she graduated from Leningrad state conservatory in 1964. Elena was allowed to
 graduate from conservatory without further attending the lectures. On May, 11, 1964 her final examination took place, on which Sofia Petrovna
 Preobrazhenskaja, chairman of the commission, gave to Elena Obraztsova a “5  plus” - an extraordinary high estimation which has not been given
 to any student by Leningrad conservatory for about 40 years.

 On December 17, 1963, still a student,  Elena Obraztsova debuted on the stage of Bolshoi Theatre in the role of Marina Mnishek in M. P. Mussorgsky's
 opera "Boris Godunov" with tremendous success - amazing and exciting all Moscow.

 Soon after, she traveled with the Bolshoi to Milan and made her debut on October 28, 1964, as Marfa in Mussorgsky's Khovanshchina. The following
 month she portrayed Maria
in War and Peace  at La Scala before leaving with the Bolshoi to Montreal's Expo 67. Since that time, Obraztsova
 established herself as one of the major stars of the Bolshoi. She was also greatly in demand elsewhere, most particularly at the Metropolitan Opera
 in New York.

 Everything that followed in the largest cities and capitals of the world - Paris, London, Vienna, Milan, Munich, Hamburg, Salzburg, Prague, Berlin,
 Barcelona, New York, San Francisco, Tokyo, Buenos Aires, etc.  - brought to Elena Obraztsova the glory of becoming one of the most brilliant stars of
 vocal art of our time.

 Nature had generously gifted Elena Obraztsova: a timbre of unique velvetiness, a voice of rare beauty -  ranging from nearly masculine depths
 to the heights of a dramatic soprano - and an extraordinary scenic appearance. She gave to her opera heroines a rare dramatic presence and
 expressiveness; her talent as an actress was outstanding. -  All this was connected to  the artist’s fanatical devotion to music. For Elena singing was not
 simply a profession, it was the focal point and supreme meaning of her life. Therefore, the performances of the singer possessed  such huge attractive
 force and Elena was able to touch the souls of the audience  - her personality was really magnetic.

 Especially the ”Northern Capital” became the basis for the development of Elena’s talent: as the door to Europe, Leningrad/Petersburg helped her
 to get in touch with all sorts of musical repertoire. Thus, Elena, who easily got access to different musical styles  - yesterday performed Schumann's
 songs, the other day she switched to Zeller’s couplets, or to the romances of Granados and Weill songs.

 In the role of the Countess in Tchaikovsky’s "Queen of spades", fragile and staunch, Elena became a symbol of Petersburg and all its refined
 sophisticated beauty. In Dargomyzhsky’s romances Elena and her frequent accompanist Vazha Chachava, brought to life the spirit of Petersburg, in
 the romances of composers of the end of XIX century  the burning passions of the city of Dostoevsky and Block break outside.

 Petersburg is often called “the Italian City” – may be this was the reason why in Elena’s voice the italian passions found a natural haven: just remember her
 Amneris, Azucena, Ulrica, Santuzza.

 Elena also took to the heroines of the  French repertoire – here she did not “borrow” the French refinement, she lived it: in her Carmen, the first
 role ever she performed in French language, she showed all the French glamour and her Charlotte penetrated into the essence of the French lyricism.

 Elena’s life was also strongly connected to Moscow and the Bolshoi Theatre: here Elena impressed the audience in many roles, e.g. as  pious and
 suffering Marfa in Mussorgsky’s Chovanshtchina; here she lived the sorrow of abandoned Lyubasha in Rimsky Korsakov’s "Tsar’s bride”  bringing
 tears to the eyes of the spectators for Lyubasha’s  struggle for love.

 Here in Moscow, destiny brought her to Georgy Sviridov, one of the most original Russian composers of XX century, who made Elena the passionate
 performer of  his music. Performing  G. Sviridov's music is one of the most important milestones of Elena Obraztsova’s  creative achievements.
 These concerts became extraordinary events of art in public life. It is essential to mention here E. Obraztsova's interpretation  of the  vocal cycle
 " Ten songs on Alexander Blok's verses " (1980), which the author
dedicated to her and Elena’s performance  of a composition on Sergej Esenin's
 verses " Cast-off Russia " (1983) Sviridov especially created for Elena Obraztsova.

 Elena had an unique talent to perform  the music of high romantic feelings – filled with deep, passionate expression, impetuosity, lyrical
 depth and spirituality.

 In total Elena’s repertoire contained some  40 roles in operas of Russian and European classical repertoire, but  also operas of composers of XX century,
 operetta and drama
: Marina Mnishek ("Boris Godunov", 1963), the Governess, Polina, Milovzor (1964), Countess (1965, "Queen of spades"), Lyubasha
 (" Tsar’s bride ", 1967), Kochakovna ("Prince Igor", 1968), Marfa ("Chovantchina", 1968). Lyubava ("Sadko", 1979), Amneris ("Aida", 1965), Azucena
 ("Troubadour", 1972), Eboli (" Don Carlo ", 1973), Santuzza (" Cavalleria Rusticana ", 1977), Ulrica ("Un ballo in maschera", 1977), Principessa di Bouillon
 (" Adriana Lecouvreur ", 1977), Adalgisa ("Norma", 1979), Giovanna Seymour ("Anna Bolena", 1982), Orfeo (" Orfeo and Eurydice ", 1984), Neris
 ("Medea", 1989), Leonora ("La Favorita", 1992), Principessa ("Suor Angelica", 1992), Carmen ("Carmen", 1972), Charlotte ("Werther", 1974), Dalila
 (" Samson and Dalila ", 1974), Hérodiade ("Hérodiade", 1990), Oberon (" Mid Summernight’s Dream " B.Britten, 1965), Zhenia Komelkova,
 (" Dawns are quiet " K.Molchanov, 1975), Judith (" Bluebeard’s Castle " B.Bartok, 1978), Iocaste ("King Oedip" I.Stravinsky, 1980), Eudossia
 (O.Respigi's "La Fiamma", 1990); Frossia (S.Prokofjev’s  "Semyon Kotko", 1970), Princess Maria (1964), Helen Be
zukhova (1971), Madame Akhrosimova
 (2000, "War and peace"), Babulenka ("The Gambler", 1996) and others. 

 In 1999 Elena Obraztsova debuted on the stage of a dramatical theater in the play "Antonio von Elba" of Renato Mainardi.

 In 2001, she appeared in the first of two Met premieres of operas by Prokofiev when she sang the role of Babulenka in The Gambler, followed in 2002
 by Madame Akhrosimova in War and Peace, which also marked the debut of Anna Netrebko. She also sang the Countess in The Queen of Spades for
 Los Angeles Opera
(2001) and for Washington Opera (2002) with Placido Domingo and Galina Gorchakova. Of her performance, one reviewer said,
 "Elena Obraztsova inhabited the role of the Countess, down to the trembling head and hands, the penetrating gaze, the world-weary impatience
 and disdain. The worn edges around the veteran mezzo's voice only enhanced the effect." In 2003-4, she appeared as Prince Orlovsky in
 "Die Fledermaus" at Washington Opera
; followed  in 2006 with a tremendous success as Marquise de Berkenfeld In Donizetti's opera
 "La Fille du Régiment" in Tokyo with Stefania Bonfadelli and Juan Diego Florez in the cast.

 During her career, Obraztsova has sung over thirty operatic roles on stage. She was one of the first singers from Russia to become internationally
 famous. Several of her Met performances have been broadcasted on radio and television and she has an extensive discography and videography.
 Her thrilling voice made her a favorite at the Met and at La Scala, mostly due to her theatrical flair and vocal intensity.

 E. Obraztsova performed at the leading opera theatres of the world: Marseilles Opera (debut in 1973 as Carmen), " Liceo " (debut in 1974 as Dalila),
 Vienna State Opera (debut in 1975 as Carmen and Amneris), San Francisco (debut in 1975 as Azucena),  " La Scala " (debut in 1976 as Charlotte),
 "Metropolitan Opera" (debut in 1976 as) Amneris), the International musical festival in Orange (debut in 1978 as Dalila), musical festival in Salzburg
 (debut in 1978 as Eboli), theatre " Covent-Garden " (debut in 1981 as Azucena), Teatro Colon  (debut in 1982 as Marfa); and also in Paris, Munich,
 Hamburg, Oslo, Stockholm, Rome, Parma, Venice, Lisbon, Madrid, Zurich, Prague, Sofia, Athenes, Bratislava, Belgrade, Budapest, Seoul, Macao,
 Taiwan, Tokyo, etc.  

 E. V. Obraztsova maintained active concert activity in Russia and worldwide. The repertoire of her recitals / concerts included the music of more
 than 100 Russian and foreign composers: M.I. Glinka, A.S. Dargomyzhsky, N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov, M.P.Mussorgsky, P.I.Tchaikovsky S.V. Rakhmaninov,
 S.S. Prokofiev, G. V. Sviridov, J. S. Bach, G. F. Haendel, W. A. Mozart,  L. v. Beethoven, R. Schumann, R. Wagner, J. Brahms, K. Weill, G. Mahler,
 G. Donizetti, G. Verdi, G. Puccini, P. Mascagni, F. Cilea, H. 
Berlioz, G. Bizet, J. Massenet, C. Saint-Saens, G. Faure,  F. Poulenc, E. Satie, M de Falla,
 E. Granados, etc.

 Unforgettable Russian songs, ancient romances sound stunning in Elena’s  interpretations. Elena also participated in performances of oratorios,
 cantatas, masses (A.Vivaldi, Pergolesi, Rossini, Beethoven,.
Verdi, J. Brahms, A.I. Khachaturian) and productions of Russian sacred music
 (S. V. Rakhmaninov, P. G. Chesnokov).  

 The concerts devoted to the music of classical operettas (Offenbach, Strauss, Lehar, Kalman, etc.), her performances of the songs of  Kurt Weill
 have added new facets to her many-sided talent -  for many people completely unexpected.

 The singer worked with many renowned accompanists: A. P. Erokhin (1965-1977), V. N. Chachava (since 1978 - 2011), G. Sviridov, A. Nasedkin,
 J
. Wustman, E. Shenderovich, E. Muller, etc.

 In 2003 - 2004 Elena gave a series of concerts surprising the audience with a program containing songs of classical jazz only - e.g. songs of Ellington,
 Gershwin, Marcus, etc. - accompanied by  Butman Quartet and "The Sultani Swing Orchestra".

 At the opera and in concerts Elena’s  partners were outstanding musicians and conductors such as: F. Molinari-Pradelli; H. von Karajan, G. Gavazzeni,
 C. Abbado, R. Muti, G. Patané, C. Giulini, G. Sinopoli, R. Chailly, N. Santi, J. Levine, L. Maazel, G. Prêtre, D. Barenboim, J. Ferenczyk, C. Kleiber,
 R. Bonynge, von Dohnaniy, P. Maag, K. Kord, S. Ehrling, E. Svetlanov, J. Temirkanov, G. Rozhdestvensky, V. Gergiev, V. Fedoseev, V. Spivakov,
 S. Sondeckis, V. Minin; and singers such as  F. Barbieri, J. Sutherland, M. Caballé, R. Scotto, M. Freni, I. Cotrubas, R. Kabaivanska, L.Price, M. Price,
 M. Chiara, E. Marton, S. Verrett, K. Ricciarelli, M. Arroyo, R. Hunter, A. Millo, A. Tomova-Sintov, ,  G. Gorchakova; C. Bergonzi, A. Kraus, P. Domingo,
 L.Pavarotti, J. King, J. Carreras, P. Dvorsky, F. Bonisolli, J. Aragall, C. Cossutta, V. Lucchetti, N. Shicoff,  N. Andguladze, V. Galuzin, P. Cappuccilli,
 I. Wixell, R. Bruson, J. Diaz, J. Pons, S. Milnes, J van Dam, S. Lejferkus, V. Chernov, C. Siepi, N. Ghiaurov, N. Giuselev, P. Plishka, R. Raimondi,
 M. Manuguerra, M. Talvela, S. Estes, L. Nucci, L. Quillico, G. Zancanaro, and at the  Bolshoi – the conductors  A. Melik-Pashaev, O. Dmitriadi,
 B. Khaikin, J. Simonov, A. Zhiuraitis, M. Ermler and the singers: G. Vishnevskaja, T. Milashkina, M. Kasrashvili, B. Rudenko, P. Lisitsian, A.Ognivtsev,
 I. Petrov, Z. Andzhaparidze, A. Ivanov, A. Vedernikov, E. Nesterenko, A. Ejzen, J. Mazurok, V. Atlantov, Z. Sotkilava, and many others.

 In 1986 she debuted as a stage director at the Bolshoi with .Massenet's opera "Werther".

 In 1991, after the phenomenal success of the Three Tenors, she appeared with Renata Scotto and Ileana Cotrubas in a concert entitled The Three
 Sopranos
in the Roman amphitheatre in Syracuse, Italy with the Czech Symphony Orchestra. The concert which consists mostly of Italian and
 French arias was made into a video and DVD.

 From 1973 to 1994 Elena Obraztsova gave lessons at  the Moscow state conservatory; since 1984 – as a regular professor. She teached at Tokyo
 musical academy , gave master - classes in Europe and Japan and in the Academy of young opera singers at Marinskij theatre in Saint Petersburg.

 She was a member of the jury of the International Tchaikovsky Competition  in Moscow (1994), the international competition of vocalists in Marseilles
 (1997), the international competition in Saint Petersburg (1998), Ferruccio Tagliavini international competition in  Deutschlandsberg Austria, 1998 and
 1999, Montserrat Caballé’s international competition of opera singers (Andorra, 1999). The first of a series of contests in Elena Obraztsova’s own name,
  the 1st International competition of young opera singers took place in September, 1999 in Saint Petersburg (followed by competitions in 2001, 2003
  and 2005 in St. Petersburg , 2006 in Moscow and 2007 and 2009 in St. Petersburg).
In September 2008 Elena Obraztsova chaired the jury in a special
  tenors contest honouring the memory of Luciano Pavarotti (rip). In January 2010 Elena Obraztsova participated in the jury of 47th F. Vinas
  Competition in Barcelona. In 2011 an all mezzo soprano contest in memoriam Fedora Barbieri was scheduled for end of december, but  the contest
  postponed several times.

 Elena Obraztsova also appeared in musical films: " My Carmen " (1977), " My image will appear in front of you "(1979), " Happy cooperation",
 " Elena Obraztsova in Japan " (1980), "Elena Obraztsova sings" (1981), " The Merry Widow " (1984), " Love and suffering of Elena Obraztsova” (1988),
 “Higher, than love " (1991), ”Gift and fate"  (1993), “The Great Elena " (1995), etc.  – In December 2006 Telekanal Kultura dedicated to Elena a  special
  portrait in 4 parts where she talked about her carreer, life and art. On occasion of her 70th birthday Russian TV honored Elena with a portrait
  "Life like a corrida".

 An outstanding work of the singer was the  role of Santuzza  in Zeffirelli’s film “Cavalleria Rusticana” " (1981), which the well-known director based
 on his opera production at  " La Scala ". Elena's partners were Placido Domingo, Fedora Barbieri, Renato Bruson. " In my life” wrote Zeffirelli, “there
 were three shocks: Anna Magnani, Maria Callas and Elena Obraztsova, and the latter created a real miracle  at the shootings of the film “Cavalleria
 Rusticana ". – How sad for us that several scenes of Elena were cut from the video…

 Nevertheless, several “visual” documents still give us evidence of Elena’s great operatic performances: “Don Carlo” at La Scala 1978,
 "Carmen" (Vienna 1978), "Un ballo in maschera" (1977), "Queen of
Spades" (1987), "Aida" (1988), " Three sopranos " (1991), etc.

 A remarkable manifestation of the art of this oustanding singer is a set of ten complete operas, recorded in  70ies -80ies in the most renowned studios
 of the world with well-known conductors and singers: H. von Karajan, C. Abbado, R. Muti, G. Prêtre, J. Levine, L. Maazel, C. M. Giulini,
 D. Barenboim, R. Chailly, P. Domingo, R. Scotto, L.Price, P. Cappuccili, I. Cotrubas and many others.  

 Under the  conditions of a rigid competition between the big Labels outside Russia it was extremely difficult for her to manage the necessary  "breaks"
 for the studio work. Her presence often was required on short notice – which is a problem of inconceivable complexity for a guest performer who
 is not working constantly in the West - but Elena Obraztsova resolved it with discipline and the force of the great talent.

 In total her discography contains more than 50 disks which have been released by the well-known labels " Melodiya ", Роlуdor,  DG, ЕМI, СВS, Philips,
 etc. among them  operas, an oratorio, cantatas, solo disks, recitals of chamber and opera music: Borodin "Prince Igor", Mussorgsky  "Boris Godunov",
 "Khovanshtchina", Prokofiev "The Gambler", Bartok
Bluebeard’s Castle ", Bizet "Carmen", Verdi  "Un ballo in maschera", "Luisa Miller", "Troubadour",
 "Aida", " Don Carlo ", "Nabucco", "Rigoletto", Massenet. "Werther", Mascagni “Cavalleria Rusticana ", Saint-Saens " Samson and Dalila ",
 Cilea " Adriana Lecouvreur ", Vivaldi
А. "Gloria", Pergolesi" Stabat Mater ", Rossini "Petite messe solennelle ", Verdi  "Requiem", Wagner  "Wesendonck
 Lieder ", Brahms " Alto Rhapsody ", Schumann songs and romances, romances by Tchaikovsky
, Rakhmaninov, Sviridov, Russian songs, ancient romances
 and more.
In March 2010, a new recording of Giordano "Andrea Chenier" has been released with Elena Obraztsova as "Madelon".

 E. V. Obraztsova's creativity was highly appreciated by the governments and public organizations of many countries of the world. She is a
 “National Artist” of the USSR (1976), a “Hero of Socialist Work” (1990), the winner of the Lenin award (1976), the winner of the Glinka State award
 (1973), Lenin award and the Gold medal " the Sickle and Hammer " (1990), two awards of the Labour Red Banner (1971, 1980), an award " For merits
 for the Fatherland " III degree (1999), E. Granados medal (Spain 1970), " the golden feather of critics " (Wiesbaden 1972), Bartok award (Hungary, 1982),
 Grand prix of the French Academy (1982), award  of the Association of theatres of Sicily (Italy, 1994), the award of San Francisco " For outstanding
 merits for the  society " (USA), and also St.  Nikolai's award (Ukraine, 1998), an award of Russian Academy of Arts and Music (1999), the Honourable
 Medal of the Academy of Russian Art (1999), etc.

 E. V. Obraztsova  was the winner of the competition of vocalists of VIII World festival of youth and students (a gold medal, Helsinki, 1962), the
 winner of II Glinka All-Union competition of vocalists  (a gold medal, Moscow, 1962), the winner of IV International Tchaikovsky competition
 (a gold medal, Moscow, 1970), the winner of VIII International Vinay competition of vocalists (the Gold medal, Barcelona, 1970).

 Elena was a honorary member of Pushkin Academy (1995), a member of  Russian academy of arts and music (1999), a member of the International
 society of friends of the Russian museum (1998).  

 On October, 24, 1981 the little planet № 4623 received the name "Obraztsova".  

 Lateron Elena Obraztsova lived and worked in Moscow and St. Petersburg.  In June 2007 Elena Obraztsova was appointed art director of Mikhailovsky
 Theater in St. Petersburg. In autumn 2008 her cooperation with Mikhailovsky Theater as art director ended; nevertheless Elena Obraztsova regularly
 performed at Mikhailovsky Theater - mainly in the role of  the Countess in Tchaikovsky’s Queen of Spades.

 On Monday, January 12, 2015 Elena Obraztsova died at a Hospital in Leipzig, Germany where she had received medical treatment.

_____________________________

Note:  I based the major part of this bio on  a text in Russian internet (source: biograph.comstar.ru) and I must admit that my command of Russian language is just fragmental ...it took me hours to translate the original text. However, this is not a 1:1 translation of the original; I added  own thoughts and made adjustments where I considered them appropriate and of course added a few words as  to the more recent parts of E. Obraztsova's carreer. - If you should discover discrepancies or could provide additional data, please do not hesitate to contact me thus to help me keep my site true and up to date.

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